PRIMER ON EXPORT PROMOTION CAPITAL GOODS (EPCG) SCHEME


Dated 25th January 2013

There are two variants of the EPCG scheme
(a) Zero Duty EPCG Scheme and
(b) Concessional 3% Duty EPCG Scheme
An application for EPCG scheme grant of an authorization may be made to RA(Regional authority of DGFT) concerned . EPCG Authorization for Annual Requirement
The Authorization for Annual Requirement will be issued subject to the following conditions in addition to other terms and conditions governing the EPCG scheme:-
(a) Authorizations shall be issued with a specific duty saved amount and corresponding export obligation. The applicant would be required to indicate export products proposed to be exported under the authorization.
(b) The authorization holder shall also be required to submit a Nexus Certificate from an independent Chartered Engineer (CEC) to the Customs authorities at the time of clearance of imported capital goods. A copy of the CEC shall be submitted to the concerned Regional Authority alongwith copy of the bill of entry, within 30 days from the date of import of the Capital Goods.
Nexus Certification
(a) RA concerned shall, on the basis of nexus certificate from an Independent Chartered Engineer (CEC) submitted by the applicant , issue EPCG authorization. Reasonable wastage, if any, anticipated at the time of installation of capital goods will also be certified by the Chartered Engineer in the nexus certificate and the same would be mentioned in the condition sheet of the EPCG authorization at the time of issue.
(b) RA shall thereafter forward a copy of the EPCG authorization to the concerned Jurisdictional Central Excise Authority. The wastage so permitted at the time of issuance of authorization would be allowed to be sold on payment of applicable duty on sale of scrap/ waste.
Authorization holder shall produce to the concerned RA a certificate from the Jurisdictional Central Excise Authority, confirming installation of Capital Goods at factory/ premises of authorization holder or his supporting manufacturer(s) /vendor(s) within six months from date of completion of import.In the case of import of spares, the installation certificate shall be submitted by the Authorization holder within a period of three years from the date of import.
However, in case of units not registered with Central Excise Authorities, the Authorization holder shall produce to the concerned RA, a certificate from an independent Chartered Engineer confirming the said installation of Capital goods/spares.
EPCG authorization shall be issued with a single port of registration mentioned in for imports. However, exports can be made from any port specified in paragraph 4.19.
An applicant may also apply for import of spares, tools, spare refractories and catalyst as are required for installation and maintenance of Capital Goods. Application shall contain list of plant/ machinery installed in factory/ premises of applicant for which spares, tools, spare refractories and catalyst are required, duly certified by Chartered Engineer or Jurisdictional Central Excise Authorities. In such cases EPCG authorization shall not specify list of spares but shall indicate:
(i) Name of plant /machinery for which spares are required.
(ii) Value of duty saved allowed under the authorization.
(iii) Description of product to be exported with value of export obligation as per FTP.
Further, at time of final redemption of export obligation, authorization holder shall submit certificate from Independent Chartered Engineer confirming use of spares, tools, spare refractories and catalyst so imported in the installed capital goods on the basis of stock & consumption register maintained by authorization holder.
An EOU/ a relocated SEZ unit, while converting to a DTA Unit, may apply for an EPCG authorization . ‘No Objection Certificate’ should be produced from concerned Development Commissioner.
Indigenous Sourcing of Capital Goods
(a) EPCG authorization holder intending to source capital goods indigenously shall request to RA for invalidating EPCG authorization for direct import / Issuance of ARO.
(b) This request can be made either alongwith application or after issuance of EPCG authorization.
(c) Applicant shall give the name and address of the source person of the capital goods.

RA concerned will issue such invalidation letter/ARO, in duplicate. Indigenous manufacturer intending to supply capital goods to EPCG authorization holder may apply to RA in ANF for issuance of Advance authorization for import of inputs including components required for manufacture of capital goods to be supplied to EPCG authorization holder.
Leasing of Capital Goods
An EPCG authorization holder may, source capital goods from a domestic leasing company. In such cases, the Bill of Entry of imported capital goods or commercial invoice of indigenous capital goods, shall be signed jointly by EPCG authorization holder and leasing company. However, EPCG authorization holder shall alone be fully responsible for fulfillment of export obligation.
Conditions for fulfillment of Export Obligation
In addition to conditions mentioned in paragraph 5.5 of FTP, following conditions shall also be applicable for fulfillment of export obligation:
(a) EPCG authorization holder shall export either directly or through third party(s). If a merchant exporter is EPCG authorization holder, name of supporting manufacturer shall also be indicated on shipping bills.
(b) At the time of export, EPCG authorization number and date shall be endorsed on shipping bills which are proposed to be presented towards discharge of export obligation.
Export proceeds shall be realized in freely convertible currency except for deemed exports. Exports to SEZ units /Supplies to developers/ Co-developers, irrespective of currency of realization would also be counted for discharge of Export Obligation.
Supplies made to Oil and Gas sector also may be counted towards discharge of export obligation against an EPCG authorization provided it has been issued on or before 31.03.2000 and no benefit under paragraph 8.3 of FTP has been claimed on such supplies.
(a) Exports made to such countries as notified by DGFT, shall not be counted for fixing average level of exports.
(b) Additional Export Obligation (over and above indicated average) for all previous EPCG Licenses, which have not been redeemed, will be indicated separately.
(c) Exports made against EPCG authorizations, which have not been redeemed, shall not be added up for calculating the average export performance for the purpose of subsequent EPCG authorization.
Export under EPCG scheme shall also be entitled for benefits under Chapter 4 of FTP.
(a) In case of export of goods relating to:
(i) Handicraft (ii) Handlooms (iii) Cottage & Tiny sector (iv) Agriculture (v) Aqua-culture (including fisheries), Pisciculture (vi) Animal husbandry (vii) Floriculture & Horticulture (viii) Poultry (ix) Viticulture (x) Sericulture (xi) Carpets (xii) Coir (xiii) Jute.
The EPCG authorization holders shall not be required to maintain average level of exports.
(b) However, this exemption from maintenance of average level of exports shall not be allowed for import of fishing trawlers, boats, ships and other similar items.
(c) Goods, excepting tools imported under EPCG scheme by such sectors, shall not be allowed to be transferred for a period of five years from date of imports even in cases where export obligation has been fulfilled. However, transfer of capital goods to group companies, within five years from the date of import would be permitted after fulfillment of EO, under intimation to RA and jurisdictional Central Excise Authority.
The Authorization holder under the EPCG scheme shall fulfill the export obligation over the specified period in the following proportions: For Zero Duty EPCG Scheme
Period from the date of issue of Authorization
Minimum export obligation to be fulfilled
Block of 1st to 4th year
50%
Block of 5th and 6th year
50%
For Concessional 3% Duty EPCG Scheme
Period from the date of issue of Authorization
Minimum export obligation to be fulfilled
Block of 1st to 6th year
50%
Block of 7th and 8th year
50%

In respect of Authorizations, on which the value of duty saved is Rs.100 crore or more, the export obligation shall be fulfilled over a period of 12 years (not applicable to zero duty EPCG scheme) in the following proportion:-
Period from the date of issue of Authorization
Minimum export obligation to be fulfilled
Block of 1st to 10th year
50%
Block of 11th and 12th year
50%
However, the EO of a particular block of year may be set off by the excess exports made in the preceding block year. The Authorization holder would intimate the regional authority on the fulfillment of the export obligation, as well as average exports, within three months of completion of the block, by secured electronic filing using digital signatures.Where EO of any particular block of years is not fulfilled in terms of the above proportions, except in such cases where the EO prescribed for a particular block of years is extended by the Regional Authority subject to payment of composition fee of 2% on duty saved amount equal to unfulfilled portion of EO, such Authorization holder shall, within 3 months from the expiry of the block of years, pay duties of customs (alongwith applicable interest as notified by DOR) of an amount equal to that proportion of the duty leviable on the goods which bears the same proportion as the unfulfilled portion of the EO bears to the total EO.
Monitoring of Export Obligation
Authorization holder shall submit to RA concerned by 30th April of every year, report on fulfillment of export obligation. RA concerned may issue partial EO fulfilment certificate, provided export performance is proportionately adequate to fulfillment of export obligation.
If authorization issued has actually been utilized for import of a value in excess, upto 10% of value of authorization, authorization shall be deemed to have been enhanced by that proportion. Customs shall automatically allow clearance of goods in excess, upto 10% of authorization value, without endorsement by concerned RA.
(b) In such case, authorization holder shall furnish additional fee to cover excess imports effected, in terms of value, to RA concerned, within one month of excess imports taking place. Export obligation shall automatically stand enhanced proportionately.
(c) In case of utilization being more than 10%, concerned RA as per their financial powers, may endorse as per extant provisions. Authorization holder shall furnish additional BG/LUT to the customs authority.
Similarly, if EPCG authorization holder has utilized authorization less than the value earmarked in authorization, his export obligation shall stand reduced on prorata basis with reference to actual utilization of authorization.
Extension of Export Obligation Period
(a) Concerned RA, may consider one or more requests for grant of extension in export obligation period, on payment of composition fee equal to 2% of proportionate duty saved amount on unfulfilled export obligation or an enhancement in export obligation imposed to the extent of 10% of total export obligation imposed under authorization, as the case may be, at the choice of exporter, for each year of extension sought. Such first extension in EO period can be for a maximum period of 2 years.
(b) Extension in EO period beyond two years’ period available above, may be considered, for a further extension upto 2 years with a condition that 50% of duty payable in proportion to the unfulfilled export obligation is paid by authorization holder to Custom authorities before an endorsement of extension is made on EPCG authorization by RA concerned. In such cases, no composition fee is to be paid or additional EO is to be imposed as prescribed in the Para above. In case the firm is still not able to complete the export obligation, duty already deposited will be deducted from total duty plus interest to be paid for EO default.
(c) However for zero duty EPCG scheme only one extension of 2 years in export obligation period shall be available, subject to conditions mentioned above.
(d) Extension in export obligation period shall also be subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by competent authority.
(a) The firm /company, which is applying for registration with BIFR/Rehabilitation Department of State Government, shall also intimate DGFT with regard to relief sought for EPCG authorization, if any within 30 days of receipt of application by agency concerned.
(b) DGFT, thereafter, shall take up the matter with agency concerned to safeguard government interest on account of default in fulfillment of export obligation imposed on EPCG authorization obtained by such firm/companies.
(c) DGFT may consider such application for grant of period of extension upto 12 years, or as per rehabilitation package prepared by operating agency and approved by BIFR board/ state authority.
(a) To provide relief to exporters of those sectors where total exports in that sector/product group has declined by more than 5% as compared to the previous year, average export obligation for the year may be reduced proportionate to reduction in exports of that particular sector/product group during the relevant year as against the preceding year. However, in case export decline is continuous over consecutive years, the base year for calculation of eligibility and calculation of reduction in average export obligation will be taken as the year after which the exports have shown continuous decline.
(b) The sectors /product groups for which this relaxation is to be allowed shall be conveyed by the DGFT to all the RAs within seven months of the end of the previous financial year, and the RAs shall re-fix the annual average EO for previous year accordingly, for exporters in that sector / product group.
Automatic EO extension in the event of ban on export product
Whenever a ban/restriction is imposed on export of any product, export obligation period in respect of EPCG authorizations already issued prior to imposition of ban on such export products, would stand automatically extended for a period equivalent of duration of a ban, without any composition fee and exporter would not be required to maintain average E.O. as well for the ban period.
Export Obligation Shortfall
RA concerned may condone shortfall upto 5% in export obligation arising out of duty saved amount.
Redemption
(a) As evidence of fulfillment of export obligation, authorization holder shall furnish application in ANF 5 B with documents prescribed therein.
(b) On being satisfied, RA concerned shall issue a certificate of discharge of export obligation to the EPCG authorization holder and send a copy to customs authorities with whom BG/LUT has been executed.
(c) RA shall ensure disposal of such applications within 30 days. Shortcomings, if any, shall be pointed out in one go. All correspondence, thereafter, shall relate to these deficiencies only. Fresh correspondence, if necessary, shall be within 15 days. Once documents are complete, EO will be discharged within 30 days of receipt of complete documents /information.
(d) Process of issue of final discharge certificate/ rejection shall be completed within a period of 90 days from date of receipt of initial request. Applications that remain outstanding beyond a period of 90 days shall be reported to DGFT along with reasons thereof, immediately thereafter.
Regularization of Bona fide Default
In case, EPCG authorization holder fails to fulfil prescribed export obligation, he shall pay duties of Customs plus interest as prescribed by Customs authority. Such facilities can also be availed by EPCG authorization holder to exit at his option. The authorization holder will have the option to furnish valid duty credit scrips, issued under Chapter 3 of FTP & DEPB, for payment of the customs duty component.
Maintenance of Records
Every EPCG authorization holder shall maintain, for a period of 3 years from date of redemption, a true and proper account of exports/ supplies made and services rendered towards fulfillment of export obligation.
Re-Export of Capital Goods Imported under EPCG Scheme
Capital Goods imported under EPCG scheme, which are found defective or unfit for use, may be re-exported back to foreign supplier within three years from the date of payment of duty on importation thereof, with permission of RA /Customs Authority. Consequently, EO would be refixed.
Replacement of Capital Goods
Capital Goods imported and found defective or otherwise unfit for use may be exported, and Capital Goods in replacement thereof be imported under EPCG scheme. In such cases, while allowing export, the Customs shall credit the duty benefit availed which can be debited again at the time of import of such replaced Capital Goods.
Penal Action
In case of failure to fulfill export obligation or any other condition of authorization, authorization holder shall be liable for action under FT (D&R) Act, 1992, Orders and Rules made thereunder, provisions of FTP and Customs Act, 1962.
Clubbing of EPCG authorization
Clubbing of two or more EPCG authorizations of same authorization holder would be permitted. An application for clubbing can be made only to RA concerned in ANF5D. Clubbing shall not be permitted in case authorizations are issued by different RAs. Total export obligation would be refixed taking into account total of duty saved or total of CIF value of imports. On Clubbing, authorizations for all purpose shall be deemed to be a single EPCG authorization. Export obligation period for clubbed authorization shall be reckoned from first authorization issue-date. However, in cases where clubbed CIF /duty saved value exceeds Rs.100 crore, no corresponding benefit of increase in export obligation period shall be admissible. Average export obligation for clubbed authorizations would be highest of average export obligations endorsed on individual authorizations so clubbed. No clubbing would be permitted after expiry of EOP. The aforesaid provisions for Clubbing of EPCG Authorizations shall be applicable for authorizations issued on or after 1.4.2007. However, EPCG authorizations issued prior to 1.4.2007 shall be governed by provisions contained in Chapter 5 of HBP Vol.1 (RE-2006).
EPCG authorization holder can apply for refixation of export obligation
Import of Refurbished / Reconditioned Spares and Tools
(a) Import of refurbished / reconditioned spares must have a residual life not less than 80% of life of original spare, which would be certified by EPCG authorization holder.
Revalidation of authorization issued under EPCG scheme shall not be allowed.
Post Export EPCG Duty Credit Scrip(s)
(a) Exporters can exercise this option by filing an application with the concerned RA, selecting an option for this Scheme.
(b) For importing or procuring Capital Goods, all applicable duties shall be paid by the exporter.
(c) RA shall issue an Authorization specifying
(i) “Not for imports” on the body of the Authorization;
(ii) Average EO, if any;
(iii) Specific EO @ 85% of the applicable specific EO, computed as if the imports were to take the benefit of duty exemption; and,
(iv) EOP, which shall commence from the Authorization issue date.
(d) Exporter can file request, for issuance of Duty Credit Scrip(s) in proportion to the EO completed within the specified EOP. Only for first such application proof of actual duty payments on Capital Goods (including proof of duty cenvated or otherwise, nexus and installation certificate(s) of Capital Goods shall be submitted alongwith proof of fulfilment of EO. Subsequently, only proof of fulfilment of EO additionally completed vis-à-vis specific EO fixed (as in c(iii) above) may be submitted, unless there has been any changes in documents / proofs submitted earlier.
(e) RA shall issue freely transferable duty credit scrip(s) equivalent to proportionate EO fulfilled.
(f) The computation of freely transferable duty credit scrip(s) will be based on duty paid amount (not cenvated), instead of duty saved amount.
(g) Duty Paid amount will evidenced from the Bill of Entry/Central Excise Gate Pass (in case of sourcing under Para 5.6 of FTP) alongwith proof of Cenvat availment or otherwise.
(h) All provisions of the existing EPCG Scheme shall apply insofar as they are not inconsistent with this scheme.

SOURCE: GOVT. OF INDIA, Ministry of Commerce and Industry

 

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