EXPORT/IMPORT OF SECOND HAND/USED MACHINERY IN/TO INDIA


KnG12062901 Dated 29th June 2012

The following guidelines govern the import of second hand machinery into India.The following provisions(paras) of the Foreign Trade Policy lays down the broad parameters:

2.17 All second hand goods, except second hand capital goods, shall be restricted for imports and many be imported only in accordance with provisions of FTP, ITC(HS), HBP v1, Public Notice or an Authorization issued in this regard.


Import of second hand capital goods, including refurbished/re-conditioned spares shall be allowed freely. However, second hand personal computers/ laptops, photocopier machines, air conditioners, diesel generating sets will only be allowed against a licence.

Import of re-manufactured goods shall be allowed only against a licence Import on Export basis

2.21 Freely exportable new or second hand capital goods, equipment, components, parts and accessories, containers meant for packing of goods for exports, jigs, fixtures, dies and moulds may be imported for export without an Authorization on execution of LUT/BG with Customs Authorities.


5.2 Second hand capital goods, without any restriction on age, may also be imported under EPCG scheme.

6.3 Second hand capital goods, without any age limit, may also be imported duty free.

9.55 “Ships” mean all types of vessets used for sea borne trade or coastal trade, and shall include second hand vessels.

Therafter the broad guidelines prescribed in the various paras of the Handbook of procedure of the Foreign Trade Policy is as follows

2.33 Import of second hand capital goods including refurbished/reconditioned spares, except those of personal computers/laptops, shall be allowed freely, subject to conditions for following categories:

Import of second hand computers including personal computers/laptops and refurbished / reconditioned spares thereof is restricted.

Import of refurbished/reconditioned spares of capital goods, other than those of personal computers/laptops will be allowed on production of a Chartered Engineer certificate that such spares have at least 80% residual life of original spare.

2.33A Customs or any other Central or State Government authority may avail of services of Inspection and Certification Agencies in Appendix 5 of the HBP v1, for certifying residual life as well as valuation / purchase price of capital good.

Import of Reconditioned/Second Hand Aircraft Spares


2.41 Import Authorization for reconditioned/secondhand aircraft spares is not needed on recommendation of Director General of Civil Aviation, Government of India (DGCA).

Prototypes


2.46 Import of new/second hand prototypes/second hand samples may be allowed on payment of duty without an Authorization to an Actual user (industrial licence/letter of intent for research in item for which prototype is sought for product development or research, as the case may be, upon a self-declaration to that effect, to satisfaction of customs authorities.

6.34 Clearance of Capital Goods including second hand, in DTA shall be allowed as per FTP on payment of applicable duty and import Policy in force on date of such clearance.

THE CUSTOMS GUIDELINES FOR IMPORT OF USED MACHINERY IS AS FOLLOWS:

Board Circular on 2nd Hand Machines – CBEC-04/12.02.2008

It has been noticed that the Custom Houses/Customs Commissionerates have been adopting different assessment practices with regard to valuation of imported Second Hand Machinery/Capital Goods. As this was resulting into diverse assessments the following guidelines are being issued so that assessments are done as far as possible on their basis.

2. A careful analysis of the Tribunal decisions and an Apex Court judgment on the issue of valuation of second hand machinery reveal the following views of the judiciary:

If other parameters of Section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 are satisfied, the transaction value method of Rule 3 of the Customs Valuation (Determination of value of Imported Goods) Rules, 2007 can also be applied to importation of second-hand machinery sold for export i.e. it was imported immediately after sale without any further usage aboard.

However if transaction value of Rule 3 is rejected, valuation of second hand machinery can be done under Rule 9, on the basis of value of new machine, as certified by the Chartered Engineer, and scaled down by allowing depreciation commensurate with the period of usage. Supreme Court judgment in the case of Gajra Bevel Gears [2000(115) ELT 612 (SC)] refers in this regard.


However, transaction value of Rule 3 cannot be rejected by ab initio application of Rule 9, inasmuch as one cannot, before rejecting transaction value of Rule 3 with sufficient evidence, straight away arrive at a notional value under Rule 9.

3. It may thus be seen from the judicial decisions that, before redetermination of value of second hand machinery under Rule 9, it is essential to reject the transaction value of Rule 3. There would be no difficulty in rejection of transaction value in those cases where the assessing officer is able to assail the documents like chartered Engineer’s Certificate, invoice, etc., as manipulated or fraudulently obtained. Similarly, there will also be no difficulty in rejection of transaction value in cases where the assessing officer proves that certain basic particular like description, period of usage, extent of the re-conditioning year of manufacture, model no., price when new, etc., are misdeclared either in the Chartered Engineer’s Certificate or in the invoice. There will also be no difficulty in rejecting the transaction value in cases which are hit by the provisions to Sub-Rule (2) of Rule 3 Difficulties may however be faced in situations other than those described above.

4. In this context, attention of the assessing officers is drawn to Rule 12 of the Customs Valuation (determination of Value of Imported Goods) Rules, 2007 which provides for rejection of declared value under certain circumstances. Following views have emerged from various Tribunal decisions on the application of Rule 12.

Rule 12 empowers the Revenue not to determine the value of the imported goods on the basis of transaction value under Rule 3(1) of the Valuation Rules. The Tribunal decision in the case of Chandni International [2003 (153) ELT 312] refers.

Rule 12 provides that when the proper officer has reason to doubt the truth or accuracy of the value declared, he may ask the importer to furnish further information or other evidence. If he still has reasonable doubt about the truth or accuracy of the value so declared, it shall be deemed that the transaction value of the goods cannot be accepted. It is therefore required to determine whether the evidences constitute reasonable doubt for the assessing officer to doubt the value of the goods. The Tribunal decision in the case of Sunny Enterprise [2004(175) ELT 420] refers.

Rule 12 is a procedural provision, which is meant to act as an aid in determining as to whether Sub-Rule (1) or Sub-Rule (4) of Rule 3 would be applicable in a given case. This deeming provision contained in Rule 12 has necessarily to be pressed into service at the very initial stage under the sequential scheme. It has no role after the scheme has worked out. The Tribunal decision in the case of Venus Insulation Products Mfg. Co. [2002 (143) ELT 364] refers.

5. Thus in respect of valuation of second hand machineries as well, the assessing officers may apply Rule 12 in appropriate cases. As an illustration, if the declared value of a second hand machinery is found to be much below the value arrived at by the depreciation method on the basis of the certified price of the new machinery in the year of its manufacture, the assessing officer may have reason to doubt the truth or accuracy of the declared value, and ask the importer to furnish further information and explanation. If he is satisfied, he may accept the declared value. But, if he still has reasonable doubt about the truth or accuracy of the declared value, he can reject the declared value under Rule 12, and proceed to re-determine the value under Rule 9 by following the Board’s circular No. F.No. 493/124/86-Cus VI dated 19.11.87 in respect of the depreciation to be extended to such second hand machinery.

6. In fact, for other imported goods as well, the method for acceptance or rejection of declared value, and then re-determination of value in case the declared value is rejected, would be similar to that in the case of second hand machinery, as explained here in above.

7. In cases where the declared value is rejected, and assessable value is re-determined, the assessing officer shall issue a detailed speaking order, giving the reasons for such rejection, by invoking the provisions of Rule 12 or Rule 3(2), as appropriate, and giving the reasons for re-determination of value under appropriate provision.

8. Guidelines in respect of some other issues related to valuation of second hand machinery are as follows:

For valuation of second hand machinery/capital goods, the assessing officers must insist on importers submitting a certificate issued by an independent Chartered Engineer or any equivalent in the country of supply. The certificate should indicate interalia:–

Price of new machinery as in the year of its manufacture,
Current CIF value of new machinery if purchased now,
Year f the manufacture of machinery,
Sale price of the supplier,
Present condition of machinery,
Nature of reconditioning or repairs carried out, if any the cost (including the dismantling cost, if any) thereof,
Expected life span.

There is no need to specify the agencies whose certificates alone, issued at the port of loading, would be accepted. The number of such agencies should not be limited.

In the absence of proper Load Port Certificate, a local Chartered Engineer’s Certificate may be accepted. Each Custom House may consider issuing Public Notices giving names and addresses of Chartered Engineers, whom the trade can contract for issuance of CE Certificate.

It is not essential to have the examination of the second hand machinery by a panel of officers, since in many Customs formations no machinery expert is posted. The routine examination of second hand machinery being done by the Docks staff shall continue.

SOURCE: GOVT. OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF FINANCE

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10 Responses to EXPORT/IMPORT OF SECOND HAND/USED MACHINERY IN/TO INDIA

  1. Ashok Baxani says:

    this is a good job u r doing sir , i would like to know wether i understand correctly are second hand boats or fishish vessels are allowed to import duty free ? in to india i would like to speak to you when is the best time to call you indian time i live in spain thks mr jha

    • kngtrade says:

      Dear Mr. Ashok Baxani,

      Thanks for your query. For further assistance you can call me on my cell no +91-9953006168 anytime in between IST 2 p.m to IST 10 p.m, your time SST 9:30 a.m to SST 6 p.m on any day. Looking forward to assist you further.

      Regards,
      Ravi S Jha.
      M: +91-9953006168.
      Skype: jha.sravi

      • Guy says:

        Hi Ravi,

        I’m about to import a second hand boat from Thailand to Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Can you please advise me how to do and whether this is allowed?

        Do I need a special permit?

        Best Regards,

        Guy

  2. PRASHANT says:

    Can anybody guide me What is the procedure to import “Used / Second hand Plastic Jumbo Bags” in India ?

  3. Bivash B says:

    Is it possible to import old and used computer server from USA on project purposes?

  4. MALIK says:

    HI THERE , THIS IS MALIK HERE FROM MUMBAI I AM GOING FOR STARTING NEW BUSINESS IN HEAVY MACHINERY TOOLS BETWEEN INDIA ANS COUNTRY HOW ARE HAVE GOOD AND ADVANCE TECHNIC TO DEVELOPED NEW INDUSTRY AND ELECTRIC TURBINE PRODUCTION MACHINERY ITEMS . I AM AM LOOKING ADVANCE AND IDEA FROM SITE OR WOULD YOU LIKE TO WORK WITH ME IN DEVELOPING THIS SECTOR IN INDIA.

  5. used mschine says:

    Satish Engineering we provide Used Working Machines to our clients. We are the well known and reputed Importer of Used and Old Machines. We are providing these services for 33 years. Here you can find the full range of used machinery from Second Hand Boring Machines, Second Hand Drilling Machines, Second Hand Cylindrical Machines, Planing Machines, Grinding Machines and Lathe Machines.

    thanks!!!

  6. Ajay G says:

    Hi am AJAY what are the norms for importing used molding machines?

    Thanks..

  7. ashok gami says:

    hi i am ashok
    plz advice to me
    used copier printer in importing in all country
    plz send the norms or clasification of used copier machine
    thank you
    i am waiting
    positiv or best reply

  8. Using a second hand machine can be done by anyone as long as the engine is still in good condition. I better import of second hand machine with low price and good quality comparing to buy a new machine. I can save more money of course and use it for many things.

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